Learn to Recognize Your Horse’s Dental Problems

Horses with dental problems may show obvious signs, such as pain or irritation, or they may show no noticeable signs at all. This is because some horses simply adapt to their discomfort.


For this reason, periodic dental examinations performed by your equine veterinarian are essential to your horse’s health. It is important to catch dental problems early. If a horse starts behaving abnormally, dental problems should be considered as a potential cause. Waiting too long may increase the difficulty of remedying certain conditions or may even make remedy impossible.


Look for the following indicators of dental problems from the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) to know when to seek veterinary attention for your horse:


  1. Loss of feed from mouth while eating, difficulty with chewing, or excessive salivation.
  2. Loss of body condition.
  3. Large or undigested feed particles (long stems or whole grain) in manure.
  4. Head tilting or tossing, bit chewing, tongue lolling, fighting the bit, or resisting bridling.
  5. Poor performance, such as lugging on the bridle, failing to turn or stop, even bucking.
  6. Foul odor from mouth or nostrils, or traces of blood from the mouth.
  7. Nasal discharge or swelling of the face, jaw or mouth tissues.


Oral exams should be an essential part of an annual physical examination by your veterinarian. Every dental exam provides the opportunity to perform routine preventative dental maintenance. Mature horses should get a thorough dental exam at least once a year, and horses 2 –5 years old should be examined twice yearly.


Learn more about proper dental care at www.aaep.org/horse-owner.

New requirements for Brucellosis (Bangs) Vaccination in Adult Cattle

New Requirements for Brucellosis (Bangs) Vaccination in Adult Cattle


October 12, 2018

What’s New? All sexually intact female cattle and domestic bison 12 months of age or older are required to be vaccinated against brucellosis (Bangs vaccine). This is an expansion of previous vaccination requirements that applied only to female cattle and domestic bison in the Designated Surveillance Area (DSA).

Who Does It Apply To? Cattle and domestic bison producers in the following counties: Carbon, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Big Horn, Park, Beaverhead, Gallatin, Jefferson and Madison. The new ruling also includes cattle that enter any of these counties for seasonal grazing.

Who Does It Not Apply To? Spayed female cattle or adult cows previously Bangs vaccinated as heifers between 4-12 months of age.

When Does the New Rule Occur? The new vaccination requirements go into effect immediately.

What’s Involved? Similar to current Bangs vaccination protocols in heifers, adult cows and domestic bison will receive a RB51 Bangs vaccine, adult tattoo in the right ear and a USDA silver ear tag in the right ear. Only a licensed and accredited veterinarian can administer the vaccine. Adult tattoo reads: RAV(year of vaccination)  Heifer tattoo reads: R(VET Shield)(year of vaccination)

When Is the Best Time to Bangs Vaccinate? Bangs vaccinating heifers 4-12 months of age is the ideal time to vaccinate. For adult cattle, Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic recommends that vaccination occur in non-pregnant or post-calving cows and bison. Bangs vaccination in pregnant animals may result in pregnancy loss and abortion.

Do Adult Female Cattle and Bison Not Leaving the Property Apply to This Rule? Yes, the rule applies to all sexually intact female cattle and domestic bison 12 months of age or older in Carbon, Stillwater, Sweet Grass, Park, Gallatin, Jefferson and Madison counties regardless of production type and practices.

Will the New Ruling Be Enforced? Yes, but to what extent is unclear at this time. Brand inspections, interstate veterinary health certificates and sales barns are all likely areas that will ask for proof of Bangs vaccination.

What Is the Cost? Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic will charge the same cost as current Bangs vaccination fees in heifers.

Why Is There New Requirements? The Montana Department of Livestock (MDOL) continues to monitor the prevalence of brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Region. This new ruling was implemented in an effort to prevent and reduce disease and protect the livestock industry in Montana.  

Please contact us at any time if you have any additional questions, comments or concerns. Thank you for choosing Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic. 406-446-2815

The most advanced lameness measurement system – Lameness Locator

Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic is proud to be the only veterinary practice in southern Montana with “The Equinosis® Q with Lameness Locator®” on site.

Dr. Casey Gruber and his team have been using this system to assist with clinical diagnosis of lameness issues since 2017. Lameness in horses is a common and often complicated issue to diagnose and manage. Dr. Casey Gruber has over 10 years of experience as an equine veterinarian diagnosing, managing and treating various lameness related issues. With the help of this invaluable tool we are able to streamline and help pinpoint your horses problems quicker and more efficiently than ever. This will allow us to begin treatment faster and get your horse back to doing what it loves, whether that’s running barrels, cutting cattle or keeping your yard mowed.


The Equinosis® Q with Lameness Locator® is a real-time, handheld, field-based system that enables a licensed veterinarian to objectively measure lameness in horses with non-invasive inertial sensors. Evolving from the development of motion analysis algorithms at the University of Missouri using a high-speed camera and treadmill-based system, it is the gold standard for field-based measurement of lameness. The algorithms were developed in a collaborative effort between practicing equine veterinarians, led by Professor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Dr. Kevin Keegan, and engineers, led by Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineer Dr. Frank Pai, for the specific purpose of lameness evaluation in horses.   Dr. Pai’s research interest and expertise in “structural damage detection” were instrumental in the development of the algorithms used in the Q.

The motion variables most likely to detect and quantify lameness were first found using sophisticated data mining search techniques and then tested and validated with robust neural network classification schemes. Later collaboration between the University of Missouri and Dr. Yoshiharu Yanezawa, Professor of Electrical Engineering at the Hiroshima Institute of Technology in Japan adopted this analysis approach to a system of wirelessly-transmitted, body-mounted inertial sensors, ideal for field use.  Dr. Yonezawa’s research interest and expertise in “Bio-instrumentation systems” were instrumental in the development of the hardware utilized in the Q.


Equinosis® LLC was founded in 2007 in Columbia, Missouri with its first objective to make the Equinosis® Q with Lameness Locator® available to equine veterinarians and to elevate the quality of care, health, and well-being of horses.

Ongoing research and development endeavors were supported by the National Science Foundation’s Small Business Technology Transfer Research program from 2009 to 2015 with 5 STTR awards.

Contact us today to set up an appointment with Dr. Gruber. 406-446-2815

PPID – Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (formerly – Cushings Disease)

On February 7th, 2018 we held a horse owners’ seminar related to PPID (formerly known as Cushing’s Disease).

Pituitary Pars Intermedia Dysfunction (PPID) causes the horse’s pituitary gland to work overtime, causing a variety of problems. Please check out the following link to view Boehringer Ingelheim’s website with details on how to identify early and advanced signs and what you can do about it.


Welcome, Dr. Gruber

Dear Clients and Friends,

The veterinary team and staff at Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic are excited to welcome Dr. Casey Gruber to the practice.
Dr. Casey Gruber grew up near Joliet, MT and became interested in veterinary medicine at an early age. He competed in both high school and intercollegiate rodeo while growing up. He received his undergraduate degree at Montana State University in 2003 and his doctorate of veterinary degree (DVM) at Colorado State University in 2008. He next completed an internship in equine medicine at Pioneer Equine Hospital in Oakdale, CA. Following completion of his internship, Dr. Gruber moved to Calgary, Alberta and worked as an associate veterinarian at Moore Equine Veterinary Centre for 6 years. While in Calgary, Dr. Gruber served as adjunct clinical instructor at the University of Calgary, School of Veterinary Medicine, teaching clinical rotations to senior veterinary students. He has attended to horses competing at the Spruce Meadows tournaments and Calgary Stampede. He has also worked in past winters at the Winter Equestrian Festival and Global Dressage competitions in Wellington, FL.

 Dr. Gruber holds a special interest in performance horse medicine including lameness and podiatry. In addition, to a large portion of his career devoted to equine medicine, Dr. Gruber has also worked consistently with cattle. He served as facility veterinarian at Alta Genetics in addition to providing service at Calgary area ranches for 6 years. He will also be expanding his services to include small animal medicine here in Red Lodge.
Dr. Gruber, his wife Dominique and their baby boy Jack, look forward to joining the Red Lodge community and working with Dr. Beug at Red Lodge Veterinary Clinic.

 With the addition of Dr. Gruber we are expanding our services to include after-hours emergency care for large animals and mobile ambulatory service in the greater Red Lodge area. With these new changes and expansion of staff we will be able to continue to provide the latest in quality veterinary care for both pets and livestock.

 We thank you for your loyalty and patronage over the last 40 years. Be sure to check our Facebook page for further updates.

John Beug, DVM

Casey Gruber, DVM

K Laser Therapy


Laser Therapy is proven to bio-stimulate tissue repair and growth. The Laser accelerates wound healing, and decreases inflammation, pain, as well as scar tissue formation. When it comes to pain management, Class IV Lasers are a side effect free and non-addictive treatment that provide dramatic results.

During each painless treatment, laser energy increases circulation, drawing water, oxygen, and nutrients to the damaged area. This creates an optimal healing environment that reduces inflammation, swelling, muscle spasms, stiffness, and pain. As the injured area returns to normal, function is restored and pain is relieved.

To learn more visit K Laser USA

  stem logix

 We are excited to offer Stemlogix Stem Cell Therapy for osteoarthritis, tendon, and ligament repair for both Equine and Canine patients.

We use adipose (fat) derived stem cells that are easily harvested from the patient by a simple, minimally invasive, scar-free, liposuction procedure.  The sample is then processed on site and the fresh stem cells are immediately injected into the joint, ligament, or tendon.  The whole procedure takes approximately 3-4 hours.  This eliminates the need for shipping to a lab, time delay, and tissue culturing.

We have tested 6 cases at this time and are very impressed with the results.

To learn more visit Stemlogix.com


New Surgical Procedure for Ringbone

Pastern Arthrodesis:

Dr. Ellis Farstvedt has modified the surgical technique for pastern arthrodesis (fuzzing of a joint) in horses with advanced ringbone in the pastern. The surgical procedure is much more minimally invasive than the traditional procedure.   Dr. John Beug invented a drill guide that shortens surgery time by half.  This procedure greatly reduces anesthesia time, down time, patient discomfort, and cost.